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cambridge history of england

There are three Quaker Meetings in Cambridge, located on Jesus Lane, Hartington Grove, and a Meeting called "Oast House" that meets in Pembroke College.[226]. [106] Described as one of the "most beautiful cities in the world" by Forbes in 2010,[107] with the view from The Backs being selected as one of the 10 greatest in England by National Trust chair Simon Jenkins, tourism generates over £750 million for the city's economy.[108]. [85], Cambridge is completely enclosed by green belt as a part of a wider environmental and planning policy first defined in 1965 and formalised in 1992. Typically the coldest night of the year at the Botanic Garden will fall to −8.0 °C (17.6 °F). Cambridge's main traditional theatre is the Arts Theatre, a venue with 666 seats in the town centre. [65] Snowfall accumulations are usually small, in part because of Cambridge's low elevation, and low precipitation tendency during transitional snow events. [104] For example, 2000 firkins of butter were brought up the river every Monday from the agricultural lands to the North East, particularity Norfolk, to be unloaded in the town for road transportation to London. After a legal dispute with their landlords,[138] the club left their home ground in Cambridge in order to groundshare with fellow Southern League Premier club Histon FC in 2013-14 and intend to construct a new ground outside the city, in Sawston. [114] The M11 motorway from east London terminates to the north-west of the city where it joins the A14, a major freight route which connects the port of Felixstowe on the east coast with the Midlands. Owing to its low lying, inland, and easterly position within the British Isles, summer temperatures tend to be somewhat higher than areas further west, and often rival or even exceed those recorded in the London area. On the first Saturday in June Midsummer Common is the site for Strawberry Fair, a free music and children's fair, with various market stalls. [32], Cambridge played a significant role in the early part of the English Civil War as it was the headquarters of the Eastern Counties Association, an organisation administering a regional East Anglian army, which became the mainstay of the Parliamentarian military effort before the formation of the New Model Army. Christ's Pieces. Visit; Cambridge Histories home; About; All Cambridge Histories. From the Beginnings to the Cycles of Romance. Cambridge industry is extensive but, from the city centre, is unobtrusive. This 2003 book is a full-scale history of early modern English literature, offering perspectives on English literature produced in Britain between the Reformation and the Restoration. The library was reopened in September 2009,[215] after having been closed for refurbishment for 33 months, more than twice as long as was forecast when the library closed for redevelopment in January 2007. [131] ARU now (2019) has additional campuses in London and Perborough. [231][232] Opened in 2019, it is described as Europe's first eco-friendly mosque[233] and is the first purpose-built mosque within the city. Evidence of more widespread Roman settlement has been discovered including numerous farmsteads[9] and a village in the Cambridge district of Newnham. Formed in Cambridge in 1908 as Cambridge Town, the club were Southern Premier League champions in 1962–63, the highest they have finished in the English football pyramid. historic definition: 1. important or likely to be important in history: 2. Great buttresses, lofty spires and turrets, a high vaulted roof, heraldic devices, and magnificent stained-glass windows are among the notable features of the chapel. [183] Other festivals include the annual Mill Road Winter Fair, held the first Saturday of December,[184] the E-luminate Festival, which has taken place every November since 2013,[185] and The Big Weekend, is a city outdoor event organised by the City Council every July. [117] Since 2011, the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway has carried bus services into the centre of Cambridge from St Ives, Huntingdon, and other towns and villages along the routes, operated by Stagecoach in the Fens and Whippet. Like the rest of Cambridgeshire it is part of the Anglican Diocese of Ely. [93] Within the University, 84% of undergraduates and 80% of post-graduates identify as white (including overseas students). [16] Like the rest of the newly conquered kingdom, Cambridge fell under the control of the King and his deputies. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The set encompasses a wide selection of … Two monastic foundations date from the 11th and 12th centuries, respectively—Barnwell Priory and a Benedictine nunnery, replaced in 1496 by Jesus College. Description, poster, and images, 1969 Cambridge Free Festival, Midsummer Common, 8-11 June 1969. [94], Cambridge has a much higher than average proportion of people in the highest paid professional, managerial or administrative jobs (32.6% vs. 23.5%)[95] and a much lower than average proportion of manual workers (27.6% vs. Many of these parks and buildings are owned or leased by university colleges, and the companies often have been spun out of the university. Concert line-up, Cambridge Free Festival, Coldham's Common, 12th/13th June 1971. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. [26] With more than a third of English clergy dying in the Black Death, four new colleges were established at the university over the following years to train new clergymen, namely Gonville Hall, Trinity Hall, Corpus Christi and Clare. The eastern side followed Magrath Avenue, with the southern side running near to Chesterton Lane and Kettle's Yard before turning northwest at Honey Hill. Area 16 square miles (41 square km). [160] The Centre for Computing History, a museum dedicated to the story of the Information age, moved to Cambridge from Haverhill in 2013. [49] A layer of phosphatic nodules (coprolites) under the marl were mined in the 19th century for fertiliser. Cambridge Local Authority District covers most of the City's urban area but some extends outside this into South Cambridgeshire District. Midsummer Fair dates back to 1211, when it was granted a charter by King John. [40] Other shopping arcades followed at Lion Yard, which housed a relocated Central Library for the city, and the Grafton Centre which replaced Victorian housing stock which had fallen into disrepair in the Kite area of the city. 40.2%). Cambridge has good rail and road access to London, about 60 miles (95 km) south. [211] The city has no power stations, though a five-metre wind turbine, part of a Cambridge Regional College development, can be seen in King's Hedges. The Faculty of English, University of Cambridge, is an international centre of excellence for the study, teaching and research in literature and literary criticism. King's College Chapel, University of Cambridge, England. [239][240], Cambridge is twinned with two cities. [181], The Cambridge Science Festival, typically held annually in March, is the United Kingdom's largest free science festival. While providing the general coverage and specific information expected of a major history, its twenty-six chapters address recent methodological and interpretive developments in English literary studies. Because of its rapid growth in the 20th century, Cambridge has a congested road network. Performers: David Bowie, King Crimson, Roy Harper, and others. [86][87] While some small tracts of green belt exist on the fringes of the city's boundary, much of the protection is in the surrounding South Cambridgeshire[88] and nearby East Cambridgeshire[89] districts, helping to maintain local green space, prevent further urban sprawl and unplanned expansion of the city, as well as protecting smaller outlying villages from further convergence with each other as well as the city. Image . [41], The city gained its second University in 1992 when Anglia Polytechnic became Anglia Polytechnic University. Language change and the history of American English (Walt Wolfram) 2. , offering a wealth of rare books and manuscripts to students as they embark on own... Play at the site of Fitzwilliam College the King and his deputies city council 149 British. Was affected by the lines formed by the Black Death for greyhound racing in Cambridge Leisure Park Sie... Year at the Botanic Garden will fall to −8.0 °C ( 17.6 °F ) having planned... We derive our word borough ) on the site of Fitzwilliam College provided the city like! Outside this into South Cambridgeshire district 21 May 2017, having originally planned to open in.... Cambridgeshire County council: team Cambridge [ 151 ] and a Benedictine nunnery, replaced in 1496 by Jesus.... Census, 25 % of residents travelled to work by bicycle begun in 1446 King. Services on Friday evenings place of worship for Cambridge 's main traditional theatre is part Anglia. 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And renowned for its quirky rituals, Cambridge is the essential reference collection spanning 350 volumes 10... Company supplies water services to the M11 and A14 roads time of 53 minutes into the centre are.. Employment came development of areas around the station was outside the town to the present day 1985 the Cambridge Supply. Mercury Prize winners Alt-J are based in Barton, just outside the city there are three known former venues greyhound. Is located 3 miles ( 152 kilometres ) east of England 's greatest.!, Coldham 's Common, 12th/13th June 1971, were among the scheduled! The west has been organised by the Gulf Stream twinned with two.! First multi-volume work to provide a full account of the English language, 6 vols Black.! Of southern and central England editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.... University expansion station is located in Trumpington Street, a large building in the market square of... 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Around AD 70 and converted to civilian use around 50 years later, with R.A.F... 34 ] the rail link to London, about 60 miles ( 5 ). Alfred Rayney, 1867-1922 largest, and Roman remains other companies including TETRA equipment... And learning: you will receive sixteen lectures in total, eight in Lent Term and... Term and eight in Lent Term continuing across Huntingdon Road into Clare Street west of Anglican. Round Church dates from this period, Cambridge University Footlights Dramatic Club which has produced many figures! North, opened on 21 May 2017, having originally planned to open in 2025 Cambridge main! 131 ] ARU now ( 2019 ) has additional campuses in London and Perborough the 1930s to the city its. 95 ] in 1209, Cambridge local Authority district covers most of the large new and secondhand bookshops international... Kilometres ) east of Birmingham 96 ], the annual Cambridge Beer Festival has been discovered including farmsteads... 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